High blood pressure, called hypertension, is directly related to coronary artery disease and thickening of the heart muscle. The majority of high blood pressure is called essential hypertension and is readily treatable. Typically the goal is a pressure below 120/70 (systolic/diastolic) with a target blood pressure of 135/85. Proper diets including low sodium diets, exercise, and appropriate weight loss all help in controlling blood pressure. There is a wide range of medications available for blood pressure control.
Less common causes of hypertension include kidney disease, vascular disease, or rare tumors. Consult your physician for proper evaluation.